LIBRO RAMSES LA BATALLA DE KADESH PDF

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Luxor lies on the east bank of the Nile River about miles south of Cairo bwtalla miles north of Aswan. In ancient times the city was known as Thebes.

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Thebes was the capital of Egypt during its most glorious and powerful years. Its importance for geographical and political purposes began about B. The rulers of Thebes beat their enemies and again united Egypt into a single state, at the time Thebes was a small town on the Nile in Upper Egypt. It would continue to prosper and, under the guidance of the pharaohs of the New Kingdom, it would become the ancient world’s greatest capital.

It would continue in power until B. It was later destroyed by the Ptolemies and by Roman times it was just a ruin laying waste in the desert. Thebes was divided into two areas by a common canal; to its south Luxor flourished and to its north Karnak. The pharaohs of Egypt built many new and luxurious temples to celebrate each victory and triumph over their enemies. These temples were dedicated to the god Amon, his wife Mut and Khonsu. Today, in Luxor, the only remnant of its ancient history is the magnificent Temple of Luxor, dedicated to the god Amun-Ra whose marriage to Mut was celebrated annually.

It is joined to the Temple of Karnak by a long avenue of sphinxes with ram’s heads which the XXth dynasty substituted for the human head. The entrance to the great temple photo right was marked by a pylon built by Ramses II which was almost feet wide and decorated with bas-reliefs representing scenes from Ramses II battles with the Hittites.

Originally two obelisks of Ramses II stood, but today only one remains. The other obelisks was moved to France in where it stands today in the Df de la Concorde in Paris.

Entrance to the Temple of Luxor Giant columns with batallaa papyrus capitals. Sorry, but that is the price of seeing such pictures on the Internet.

Wish we could all have a T1 line www. Egypt Introduction Page Athens: Lindos The Acropolis at Lindos Alexandria: Valley of the Kings. The Cult Temple of Amun of Luxor. Luxor Temple was at one time linked to the Temple of Amun at Karnak by a sphinx-lined avenue. Some of this avenue has dd uncovered at Luxor Temple and it is believed that the rest of the avenue still lies untouched beneath the modern town.

Ramses II by natalia martinez ruiz on Prezi

Before the pylon stands an obelisk ; one of a red granite pair which Ramesses erected its twin now in the Place de la Concorde in Paris.

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On the pedestal are carved the four sacred baboons who were the first to greet the morning sun. Three lines of vertical inscription on every face of the obelisk repeat the names and titles of Ramesses the Great: It is of interest to note that when the one obelisk was lowered, in order to be transported to France, Ramesses name was also found ramsfs on ka bottom.

Pharaohs gamses notorious for usurping other pharaohs monuments, and Ramesses was determined that this was to remain his own. The pyramidal tip of the tall shaft was covered in sheet gold which flashed in the sunlight, symbolizing the sun god Ra in his brilliance. Colossal seated statues of Ramesses flank the gateway. As these reliefs are quite difficult to see, the best time to view them is in the early morning or in the evening when the temple is floodlit this throws a good shadow on the reliefs making them clearer.

Court of Ramesses II. The great court is surrounded with well proportioned papyrus bud capital columns. Reliefs cover the interior walls. Within the court can be seen the tip of the minaret of the mosque of Abu’l Hagag. It was here that Amun and his two kadessh rested during the Opet Festival. This court is also ,ibro at a slight angle to the main axis of the temple it is likely that Ramesses designed it this way so that the avenue linking it with Karnak could join the pylon kadwsh an appropriate angle.

The Colonnade consists of 14 columns with papyrus capitals.

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At the entrance to the Colonnade are two wonderful statues bearing the cartouche of Ramesses II but the feathers of Tutankhamun. The east and west side of the court has well preserved double rows of papyrus columns with bud capitals.

The Hypostyle Hallon the south side, had four rows of eight columns. Reliefs are on both side of the south wall depicting the coronation of Amenhotep III by the gods. A roman altar, dedicated to Constantine, is located to the left of the central aisle. The reliefs of Amenhotep III were whitewashed and painted over in the 3rd or batallz century when this part of the temple was used as kadesj Christian church.

However, the stucco is crumbling, and now the reliefs underneath are visible. The first antechamber has eight columns and was used in Roman times as a chapel for the Roman legion that had taken up residence in the temple compound.

The second antechamber was the Offering Hall and has four columns and is decorated with rsmses of Amenhotep III making offerings to Amun. A small hall to the east opens onto the opet or private apartments of the gods. Arranged around and behind the shrine are the Holy of Holies, the Birth Room, store rooms and a pillared hall with cosmic significance 12 pillars representing the hours in the day and depictions of the day and night barques of the sun at each end of the btaalla.

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On the Corniche is the small yet wonderful Luxor Museum – well worth a visit. Check the opening times. Follow this link to view the Luxor photo gallery. Follow this link to view a plan of the temple.

Place de la Concorde, Paris, France Pharaoh: Ramses II reigned B. Legend has it that Josephine’s parting words to Napoleon before he began his failed conquest of Egypt in were: Fortunately, it was all Lebas could do to take the western one. The eastern obelisk remains at Luxor. In the 3, years since Ramses had raised the obelisk, the area around it, including the temple itself, had filled up with earth, houses, and streets.

In the end, it took two months to get the obelisk down and on board the ship Louxor, and another three years before Lebas successfully re-erected it in the Place de la Concorde in Paris. Entrance to the Temple of Luxor Giant columns with closed papyrus capitals Engraved hieroglyphs adorn most columns and wall spaces and depict the stories of the pharaohs of ancient Egypt. Granite colossi of Ramses II seated on his throne Believed to be the inner courtyard with statues of Osiris between the columns.

Luxor, Thebes, West Bank Construction: Amun of Luxor Chapels: The Obelisk Before the pylon stands an obelisk ; one of a red granite pair which Ramesses erected its twin now in the Place de la Concorde in Paris. The Court of Amenhotep III The east and west side of the court has well preserved double rows of papyrus columns with bud capitals. The Antechambers The reliefs of Amenhotep III were whitewashed and painted over in the 3rd or 4th century when this part of the temple was used as a Christian church.

For this portion of our trip we would fly giving us a good view of this desert country and the fertile Nile Valley.

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Our flight was a short one, much shorter than the drive and wait at the airport. Because of unpredictable traffic in Ramsse we left the hotel for the airport 4 hours before our scheduled flight time. We were at the airport within the hour because of no traffic problems, but this is an example of what you have to do in countries with poor traffic management.

Bangkok is exactly the same way, maybe a tad worse. As you can see, there are many good pictures of the Temple of Luxor so we have to go to another page just to keep the transmission time down to a minimum. Wish we could all have a T1 line.