MVAC (). MVAC-like ( or ). Non-MVAC (). * If R Section of the Clean Air Act (CAA) directs EPA to establish requirements to prevent the. Motor vehicle air conditioning (MVAC) systems provide passenger comfort Servicing of these systems is regulated under section of the. Specific MVAC regulatory authority is given by Section of the Clean Air Act Amendments (CAAA). Section is included in Chapter of this manual, and .

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Section is included in Chapter 7. The Final Rule is pending promulgation. Ozone was signed by 75 nations, including the United States. This includes CFC which is the most common refrigerant used in motor mfac air conditioners. The regulations are expected to be proposed in late Continued depletion of the ozone will adversely impact the quality of life on earth.

Compliance with Section of the CAAA is needed to help protect the ozone, and thus our quality of life.

Section 609 Technician Training and Certification Programs

For their part in protecting the stratospheric ozone and our quality of life, MVAC service operations can have a tremendously positive impact, if compliance with Section can be ensured, because: MVAC recovery and recycling equipment and service technician training programs are available to assist the industry in complying with Section Hence, reducing or eliminating CFC emissions during MVAC servicing is more feasible if inspectors confirm that the proper equipment is in use, and that it is being used by properly trained personnel.

This chapter covers the requirements and definitions in Section They must certify as a small business by January 1, There is no restriction on the sale of containers 20 pounds or over. A sample form follows. Class I substances include chlorofluorocarbons CFCshalons, carbon tetrachloride, and methyl chloroform.

CFC- 12 is covered under Section as a class I substance. CFC is the most common refrigerant used today. The industry is developing new refrigerants, wpa as HFCa. However, as of November 15, any refrigerant used in a motor vehicle air conditioner, or any substitute refrigerant for CFC, must be recycled.

Recover only equipment must meet SAE standard J- At present, Underwriter Secgion UL approves equipment. ETL, another testing laboratory, may also certify equipment. MVAC service facilities must use only approved equipment consistent with deadlines in Chapter 2.

The Act requires ,vac the equipment be used “properly. To ensure that equipment is used properly, Section requires that persons servicing MVACs become properly trained and certified. Various training programs have been developed to meet this industry need, and the inclusion of the sample training certification forms in this manual is not an endorsement of one training program over another. The certification must include the name and address of the establishment; manufacturer, model, and the serial number of the equipment to be used; and the name and signature eps of the facility owner or other responsible person.

All facilities must submit the equipment owner’s certification by January 1, The example form for this required submittal is included previously in this Chapter mwnual also in Chapter 6. Equipment owner certifications are not transferable.

If the shop is sold, the new owner must submit a new equipment owners certification. Small Business Certification Shops that performed service on less than motor vehicle air conditioners in are considered small entities and have until January 1, to purchase equipment and train technicians.


To qualify for this extension, a shop must certify to EPA by January 1, that it is a small entity. The certification must include the name and address of the facility, and the signature of the facility owner or responsible party. Effective November 15,only certified technicians may purchase small cans. Purchasers of small cans will have to show proof of technician certification. The sale of containers of 20 pounds or more is not restricted.

MVAC service may be performed by service shops, repair shops, service stations, new or used car or truck dealerships, rental establishments, fleet shops i. The only work excluded is that done for free. For facilities that understand the requirements and are reasonably well organized, an inspector should: Note the type of equipment i.

Motor Vehicle Air Conditioning (MVAC) System Servicing | US EPA

If equipment is recover only, the inspector should ask what they do with the recovered refrigerant. Refrigerant must either be sent off-site to be reclaimed cleaned to a higher standard of purity than recycling or if the business has several facilities in the area owned by one person the equipment must also be owned by the shop owner than the refrigerant may be recycled at one of the business’s other locations.

This exception does not apply to nationwide or regional corporations, chains or franchises. Total of 18 certified technicians. Compliance status must also be checked.

A goal of the inspection program sectiom to help the regulated community to understand the program and its compliance requirements and deadlines.

However, in tha upper atmosphere, known as the stratosphere, ozone shields the earth from harmful ultraviolet radiation.

Certain man-made chemicals including chlorofluorocarbons CFCs are destroying the stratospheric ozone. The loss of ozone in the upper atmosphere is associated with an increase in skin cancer, cataracts, and damage to the human immune system.

It is also associated with reduced crop yields, harm to plant and animal life, and the deterioration of materials. EPA proposed regulations on September 4, for servicing motor vehicle air conditioners. Technicians must be properly trained and certified, and use approved refrigerant recycling equipment Technicians must complete an EPA approved refrigerant recycling course to be certified.

To qualify for this extension a shop must certify to EPA by January 1, that it is a small entity. A Level 2 inspection should be considered if: An inspector may have reason to conduct the inspection, other than those cited above.

If so, the inspector should document the zection clearly. Specific information will be reviewed, and photocopied if deemed appropriate by the inspector. This may include customer service invoices, reclaimer billings for off-site recycling, refrigerant reclaimer information, and any other records the inspector finds necessary. It is important to note that due to revisions of the final rule many areas of recordkeeping have been eliminated.

These include customer invoices and the date and quantity of refrigerant sent for reclamation. The name and address of the reclaimer must still sectin kept on file.

This level 2 checklist asks questions about some of the records that businesses are no longer required to maintain. It is not a violation for failing to maintain customer invoices or reclaimer invoices. Level 2 inspections essentially expand the review of recordkeeping, and will require completion of the Level 2 Inspection Checklist included in Chapter 4.

Additional sectiom as to any observed or noted compliance shortcomings or issues will be required on the checklist. These notations will serve as documentation for the inspector’s compliance determination, and provide necessary support for any possible enforcement action. The recovery only equipment is less expensive and therefore, this option would be most useful to a large facility with many bays. This option allows refrigerant to be recovered at each shop and recycled at one location.


The more stringent off-site reclamation standards reflect the concern that refrigerant contamination is possible when refrigerant is sent off- site. On-site recycling can be done to the SAE J standard. Level 2 checklist items include: The information on this checklist will be different from the service facility inspections because the inspector must first try to purchase the small can.

The inspection will proceed as follows: You may want to take the can and receipt out to your car then answer the questions on how they display the merchandise and if the sign was visible. Note if photocopies were made; The inspector must print their name, the date of the inspection, time of the inspection, and sign the completed checklist at the conclusion of the inspection.

EPA has identified the following examples of questions which have required clarification.

EPA Section 609: What You Need to Know

Many of these questions are clarified in the Final Rule. Specifically, inspectors needing further clarification of “gray areas” may contact Belinda Breidenbach at: What types of units fall within sectioh definition of motor vehicle air conditioners, as they are covered by Section ?

Refrigeration equipment used to cool motor vehicle driver or passenger compartments are included. In the same vehicle there may be a hermetically sealed refrigeration unit for cooling stored materials; this unit is covered under Section It is anticipated that all systems not covered under Section will be included in. Note that Section prohibits venting of refrigerant after July 1, What types of vehicles are covered under Section ? Vehicles that are covered include those that transport people or property, including passenger cars, trucks, light and heavy duty vehicles on a street or highway.

Section uses the title II definition of motor vehicle. What types of kanual are not covered under Section ? Vehicles that are not included as motor vehicles covered under Section include trains, airplanes, marine vessels or motor boats, farm equipment, construction equipment, and buses that use a HCFC system.

EPA anticipates that these vehicles will be covered by the prohibition of venting, Sectionalthough EPA has reserved the right to reconsider and include these vehicles under Section Busses that use CFC are covered under Section Is CFC the only refrigerant covered under Section ?

EPA Certification – Manual

The standards are currently only written for CFC What constitutes “servicing” of a MVAC? Service involving the refrigerant means any service during which discharge or release of refrigerant from the motor vehicle air conditioner to the atmosphere can reasonably be expected to occur.

Examples of servicing include dismantling MVACs, any repairs to a system that requires removal of the MVAC or disconnection manula hoses, leak testing, or adding refrigerant to “top off” a system. Yes, services performed for free are not covered kanual Section ; i. However, service for consideration does include fleets and vocational schools. If a single maunal owns several MVAC service establishments, can they use recover only equipment at multiple facilities and then send the recovered refrigerant to a single, central location for recycling to the SAE J standard?