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Localities with more than 2, inhabitants considered as urbanwere not included in the survey. A special thanks goes to the families and children who participated in the survey and to all those who helped as guides or in providing essential information, without whose collaboration this survey would not enesa been possible. The child nutritional situation after the drought seems to have returned to normal values, when compared with ENDSA and PMA 11 survey findings.
A model of the card given to each family with the results is shown in Figure 2. Also, Mennonite communities have significantly different socio-economic and cultural backgrounds to the wider rural population in the Chaco, hence were not included even if they were set in rural areas. It provides a more profound understanding of the nutritional problems affecting a population than anthropometric surveys alone endxa hence the policies, strategies and programmes that must be pursued to eradicate malnutrition.
Although only 1 to 3 blood drops are needed for the reaction analysis, one common belief and reason for resistance to the test was the suspicion that blood may be sold. Anthropometric results in conjunction with the ESAE analysis showed that causes of malnutrition in Bolivian Chaco are generally structural and endssa change when occasional dramatic events like severe droughts nolivia floods occur, as occurred envsa the drought.
However, we do not recommend standardising this practice due to waste management difficulties.
The specific methodology used to take the blood sample and conduct the Hb analysis can be found in INS The most recent demographic and health survey DHSconducted inshows some improvement in infant and child health. Diarrhea is a major killer of young children in developing countries.
Nutrition Landscape Information System: Reference: details
El cuestionario individual de hombres fue aplicado de manera completa a 6, hombres y comprende los siguientes temas: The same software was used to analyse indicators based on weight and height measurements and presence of oedema, and to calculate prevalence of acute and chronic malnutrition.
The assistance of a skilled birth attendant during childbirth is considered crucial to lowering maternal mortality, one of the Millennium Development Goals for Cut off points for anaemia and the severity scale varies according to authors, age, pregnancy, countries and geographic altitude INS This article describes the survey undertaken with a particular focus on the anaemia assessment component.
While one-fifth of children still have not received all recommended vaccinations, coverage is 98 percent for immunization against a form of tuberculosis, and 86 percent for the measles vaccine. Different stamps were designed and used to represent a child with anaemia, without anaemia and borderline and made it easier for caregivers to understand Figure 3. Description El cuestionario individual de hombres fue aplicado de manera completa a 6, hombres y comprende los siguientes temas: Population Reference Bureau,accessed on Aug.
Created on Feb 26, Last modified Jun 16, El cuestionario de hogar fue completado en 19, hogares y comprende los siguientes temas: It also provides step-by-step instructions for analysing survey data using Emergency Nutrition Assessment ENA software and procedures for food security assessments.
The characteristics of each locality determined the household sampling method used in a given locality. Some 26 percent of couples used a traditional method, primarily periodic abstinence, which has a high failure rate as commonly practiced. One way to reassure the population about this fear was to allow them to keep the microcuvettes used for their analysis.
Increasing contraceptive use will require expanding access to supplies and methods, as well as informing more women about their options for preventing an unintended pregnancy.
Programa Mundial de Alimentos de las Naciones Unidas. Brigitt Olagivel is a Bolivian nutritionist.
Values are shown in Table 1. This is not far below the 4. The fact that results are obtained immediately allows the family to have the Hb status of their children confirmed instantaneously. This is highly appreciated.
Integrating anaemia analysis in SMART surveys in Bolivia | ENN
Out of these nine cases, bollvia one was classified as acutely malnourished using weight for height zscore. Age, sex and district differences were found: Results card for the families, one per child. Water consumption, farming and livestock of more than 7, households were severely affected according to a UNETE evaluation report 3.
Material for Hb analysis includes microcuvettes, lancets, gloves, alcohol, toilet paper, cotton, batteries and a waste bottle. The Standardised Monitoring and Assessment of Relief and Transition SMART programme is an interagency initiative to improve monitoring and evaluation of humanitarian assistance interventions.
Demographic and Health Surveys.
Integrating anaemia analysis in SMART surveys in Bolivia
MUAC cut-off points were established at mm for severe acute malnutrition and mm for moderate acute malnutrition. Malnutrition prevalence in each department is specified in Bilivia 3. Blood drop for Hb analysis. Related Materials Download the questionnaires, technical documents and reports that describe the survey process and the key results for this study.
Some parents did not authorise Hb analysis, so final sample sizes for collection of anaemia data were slightly lower.
It has very irregular weather patterns affecting temperatures, rains and winds and is characterised by intense boligia summers and dry winters. Anaemia prevalence in months aged boys from Cordillera was However, the ethnic composition varies between the Chaco provinces.
The DHS indicates that Bolivian women are becoming pregnant before they intended to because they are not using an effective method of family planning. For this it is important to distinguish between permission for anthropometrical measurements and bilateral oedema which is non-invasive, to permissions for blood tests which are invasive. SMART surveys measure acute malnutrition of the whole population via estimates of: Based on the FAO scale 12this signifies a severe iron deficiency problem in this region.
Rapid assessment of nutrition and food security in Chaco municipalities affected by droughts. But use of effective family planning remains low and the total fertility rate TFR —3. Height, weight, mid-upper arm circumference MUAC measurements and bilateral oedema check-up, as well as the blood test, boliia done for each selected child following standardised protocols.