Abstract. OBJECTIVES Oromandibular dystonia (OMD) is a focal dystonia manifested by involuntary muscle contractions producing repetitive, patterned mouth. Oromandibular dystonia is a form of focal dystonia affecting the mouth, jaw and tongue, and in this disease it is hard to speak. It is associated with bruxism. Oromandibular dystonia causes spasms of the jaw, lips, and tongue muscles. This dystonia can cause problems with speech and swallowing.

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Open in a separate window. However the relationship between changes in neural activity in these regions and the development of dystonia is still not clear [ 8 ]. Primary forms are also referred to as idiopathic, inherited, or familial. Searching the databases yielded a few articles on OMD patients who received dental management.

Speech difficulties, eating problems, swallowing issues and dental problems are possible, as well as depression and other psychological impacts. Despite the comprehensive document on peripherally-induced dystonia caused by injury to the affected body part, OMD from orofacial or dental procedures is scarcely reported in dental literature and neurological articles.

BoNT may be immunogenic, and some patients may develop secondary non- responsiveness following multiple injections. Spontaneous, intermittent, unilateral paroxysmal, severely painful involuntary spasmodic contractions; spasms internally leading to difficulty in breathing. J Neural Transm Vienna. How to induce neuroplasticity.

Oromandibular dystonia

OMD patients are usually diagnosed by neurologists and are aware of their problems. Focal dystonia of the jaw and the differential diagnosis of unilateral jaw and masticatory spasm. Patient was apparently normal 2 years back when she experienced spontaneous, intermittent, unilateral paroxysmal, severely painful involuntary spasmodic contractions on the right half of face which lasted for oromandibulwr minutes, repetitive throughout the day and which relieved on conscious opening of mouth to reappear again on next occlusal contact.

Support Center Support Center. Others may opt for care from private practitioners in their communities. Both jaw opening and jaw closing OMD can be treated with oral antidystonic therapies such as tetrabenazine, diazepam, and carbamazepine.


There is inadequate evidence-based information about the efficacy of various medications currently being used for dystonia. MAB is a oromadibular means of treating OMD, which is less expensive and cause no major side effect or resistance to the therapy.

Your movement can heal your brain. This comprehensive literature review aimed to summarize the current evidence for etiology, diagnosis, and management of OMD and assess the possibility of dental origin of the disease and dental treatment plans for these patients. The bite guard was adjusted to accommodate the newly erupting teeth.

Always seek the advice of your dentist or other qualified healthcare provider with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition or treatment. Electromyographic study of the bilateral temporalis and masseter reveals spontaneous fasciculations at rest.

Use oromandibhlar onabotulinumtoxinA in post-traumatic oromandibular dystonia. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy.

Treatment of OMD is multi-disciplinary and varies from one patient to another. Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants. Adverse effects reported are dry mouth, dysphagia, lethargy, generalized weakness, and dysphonia. Introduction OMD is considered as a focal dystonia involving mouth, jaw, and tongue, manifested by involuntary muscle contractions producing repetitive, patterned movements of the involved structures.

This response is well recognized in musicians. Observation on the clinical efficacy of spasmodic torticollis treated with matrix needlingtechnique and acupuncture at “Wuxin points” mainly. Case Report A year-old female patient visited the Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology with a chief complaint of spontaneous, painful constrictive movements on her right side of face with a feeling of constriction in her neck leading to difficulty in breathing.

Benzodiazepine decreases monosynaptic and polysynaptic reflexes by increasing presynaptic GABA inhibition a similar action to Baclofen. Journal List Case Rep Dent v. Journal of Neurology Neurosurgery and Psychiatry.

Oromandibular dystonia and hormonal factors: They suggested that the dental procedure might have caused a triggering effect. Based on her history and physical presentation, the differential diagnosis included psychogenic facial spasm, tardive dyskinesia, or oromandibular dystonia [ 2 ] with associated masticatory muscular pain, facial motor seizures, and hypocalcemic tetany: The author suggested that the conventional techniques such as delayed loading, axial implant placement and BoNT injections could be used to reduce the dystonic movements with more predictable rehabilitation plan.


The end result can be facial-deforming movements and difficulty chewing and speaking.

Oromandibular dystonia – Wikipedia

Gupta S, Bhagwati BT. Her past dental and personal history was unremarkable except for a history of assault on oro,andibular same side of face in the form of domestic violence. Prosthesis with minimal adjustment in oronandibular. Jankovic J, Van der Linden C. Life-threatening respiratory failure due to cranial dystonia after dental procedure in a patient withmultiple system atrophy.

Saeed Raoofi 1 Dept. If you are a subscriber, please log in. They suggested that the onset of dystonia might have been caused by the dental intervention. Find articles by Maryam Najafi. Choosing music over meds, one man’s quest to retrain his brain to overcome dystonia. Blood investigations were done for serum calcium levels to rule out hypocalcemic tetany which oromandkbular parameters in normal range.

J Neurol Neurosurg Psy-chiatry. It was suggested as an effective and relatively simple modality of treatment.

Few investigations on BoNT injection before implant insertion demonstrated satisfactory results. The content you are trying to view is available only to logged in, current MedLink Neurology subscribers. Based upon the presenting clinical features, examinations and investigations for a working diagnosis of oromandibular dystonia jaw distinia type were made.